Brazilwood Extract is also called “hypernic”. It comes from Caesalpina Sappan. The word Brazil comes from the Arabic “braza” meaning bright red. In 1500 A.D. when traders came to the northern part of South America they named the area “Tera de Brazil” due to the dense stands of huge red trees (Brazilwood). Depending on the mordant used Brazilwood produces reds, browns, crimsons and purples. Use 1 ounce of extract in a pint of distilled or tap water. Will fade somewhat but less so when mordants are used.